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defender tdci manual LINK 1 ENTER SITE >>> http://gg.gg/11e0be <<< Download LINK 2 ENTER SITE >>> http://inx.lv/9wvq <<< Download PDF File Name:defender tdci manual.pdf Size: 4214 KB Type: PDF, ePub, eBook Uploaded: 2 May 2019, 12:53 Rating: 4.6/5 from 789 votes. Status: AVAILABLE La... Ukáž Viac
defender tdci manual LINK 1 ENTER SITE >>> http://gg.gg/11e0be <<< Download LINK 2 ENTER SITE >>> http://inx.lv/9wvq <<< Download PDF File Name:defender tdci manual.pdf Size: 4214 KB Type: PDF, ePub, eBook Uploaded: 2 May 2019, 12:53 Rating: 4.6/5 from 789 votes. Status: AVAILABLE Last checked: 16 Minutes ago! eBook includes PDF, ePub and Kindle version In order to read or download defender tdci manual ebook, you need to create a FREE account. ✔ Register a free 1 month Trial Account. ✔ Download as many books as you like (Personal use) ✔ Cancel the membership at any time if not satisfied. ✔ Join Over 80000 Happy Readers defender tdci manual I'm a massive Land Rover fan. Currently own a TD5 90. 2015 MR Blogger of the Year Just add a comment below. I know you need to make money but two pages of eBay ads just dominate the page and take away from your content. Make money but try to make it look less obvious. Great site though Any possibility? Thank you in anticipation. I have been searching ebay on and off for a while and whilst there are loads there, there are none for my model Thank you so much. The practical step-by-step instructions and c. Haynes Service and Repair Manual - Defender Puma (2007 - 2016). International postage. 16 Aug 2013 Download the PDF RAVE Files for your Land Rover, for free. Land Rover workshop manual and parts catalogue download pdf files for free, Defender, Discovery, Pdf files for Series Land Rover, Defender, Range Rover, Range Rover Sport, Freelander, Military. Land Rover Defender (Puma), (8,2 mb). 19 Jun 2014 Hi guys, Does anyone have a softcopy or link to a download of the manual. Ive searched and found hundreds of downloads but for TD5 and Land Rover Workshop Manuals and other useful pdf files. Pdf files for Series Land Rover, Defender, Range Rover, Range Rover Sport, Freelander, Military Forward Control, Land Rover 101 and. Land Rover Defender (Puma), (8,2 mb). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details.If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Learn more. You can change your ad preferences anytime. For help you can check writing expert. Check out, please ? www.HelpWriting.net ? I think they are the bestThis manual provides general directions for accomplishingservice and repair work with tested effective techniques. Following them will help assure reliability. http://www.deewanalarab.com/up_imgs/fh-p9900md-manual.xml defender tdci manual, defender tdci workshop manual, defender tdci owners manual, defender 2.4 tdci workshop manual, defender 2.2 tdci workshop manual, defender tdci manual, defender tdci manual, defender tdci manual pdf, defender tdci manual download, defender tdci manual transmission, defender tdci manual 2017. There are numerous variations in procedures, techniques, tools, and parts for servicing vehicles, as well as in the skill ofthe person doing the work. This manual cannot possibly anticipate all such variations and provide advice or cautions asto each. Accordingly, anyone who departs from the instructions provided in the manual must first establish that neitherpersonal safety or vehicle integrity is compromised from choices of methods, tools or parts.22 of 1212 Following these procedures will help ensure product reliability.Special ToolsThe Special Tool(s) Table provided at the beginning of each procedure lists the special tool(s) required to carry outrepair operations within that specific procedure. Wherever possible, illustrations are provided which will assisttechnicians in identifying the special tool(s) required and also showing such tool(s) in use.Special tools may be obtained from the manufacturer, SPX Tools, the addresses of their branches will be found in theSpecial Tools Glossary contained within this Section.Important Safety InstructionsAppropriate service methods and correct repair procedures are essential for the safe and reliable operation of all motorvehicles as well as ensuring the personal safety of the individual carrying out the work.This manual cannot possibly anticipate all such variations and provide advice or cautions as to each. Any person whodeparts from the instructions provided in this manual must first establish that they compromise neither their personalsafety nor the vehicle integrity by their choice of methods, tools or parts.Individuals who undertake their own repairs should have some skill or training and limit repairs to components whichcould not affect the safety of the vehicle or its passengers. Any repairs required to safety critical items such as steering,brakes, suspension or supplemental restraint system should be carried out by a Land Rover Dealer. Repairs to suchitems should NEVER be attempted by untrained individuals. http://etonbio.com/newsLetters/images/fh-g80-manual.xml Warnings, Cautions and Notes which appear in this manualAs you read through this manual, you will come across Warnings, Cautions and Notes. A Warning, Caution or Note isplaced at the beginning of a series of steps. If the warning, caution or note only applies to one step, it is placed at thebeginning of the specific step after the step number.Warnings, Cautions and Notes have the following meanings:Warning: Procedures which must be followed to avoid the possibility of personal injury.Caution: Calls attention to procedures which must be followed to avoid damage to components.Note: Gives helpful information.ReferencesReferences to the Left Hand (LH) or Right Hand (RH) side given in this manual are made when viewing the vehicle orunit from the rear.Fault Diagnostic EquipmentThe vehicle is equipped with a number of electronic control systems to provide optimum performance of the vehiclessystems.Diagnostic Equipment (T4) is available and must be used where specified. The use of this equipment will assist with thefault diagnostic abilities of the Dealer workshop. In particular, the equipment can be used to interrogate the electronicsystems for diagnosis of faults which may become evident during the life of the vehicle.This manual is produced as a reference source to supplement T4.Features of the equipment include:a. Fully upgradeable support for the technicianb. Structured diagnostics to accommodate all skill levelsc. Direct print-out of screen information and test resultsTesting the vehicleOperations covered in this manual do not include reference to testing the vehicle after repair. It is essential that work isinspected and tested after completion and if necessary, a road test of the vehicle is carried out, particularly where safetyrelated items are concerned. 23 of 1212 For thisreason, it is essential that only genuine Land Rover parts are used during maintenance or repair. Attention is particularly drawn to the following points concerning repairs and the fitting of replacement parts andaccessories.Safety features and corrosion prevention treatments embodied in the vehicle may be impaired if other than Land Roverrecommended parts are fitted. In certain territories, legislation prohibits the fitting of parts not to manufacturersspecification. Torque wrench setting figures, where given, must be adhered to and locking devices, where specified mustbe used. Any of the foregoing could affect the safety of the vehicle and occupants; also, theterms and conditions of the vehicle warranty may also be invalidated.All Land Rover recommended parts have the full backing of the vehicle warranty.Land Rover Dealers are obliged to supply only Land Rover recommended parts.SpecificationsLand Rover are constantly seeking to improve the specification, design and production of their vehicles and alterationstake place accordingly. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of this Manual, it should not be regarded asan infallible guide to current specifications of any particular vehicle.This Manual does not constitute an offer for sale of any particular vehicle. Land Rover dealers are not agents of LandRover and have no authority to bind the manufacturer by any expressed or implied undertaking or representation.24 of 1212 The batteriesmust be connected in parallel.Make sure that the battery terminals of both batteries are fully tightened.Where another vehicle is used to jump start a disabled vehicle, make sure that the two vehicles are not touching.It is advisable that the engine of the donor vehicle is switched off during jump starting; take care to make surethat the battery of the donor vehicle does not also become discharged.Always make sure that switchable electric circuits are OFF before connecting jump cables. This reduces the risk ofarcing occurring when the final connection is made. Following jump starting of a disabled vehicle, the discharged battery must be checked for serviceability and recharged assoon as possible to avoid permanent damage.Do not rely on the generator to restore a discharged battery. For a generator to recharge a battery, it would take inexcess of eight hours continuous driving with no additional loads placed on the battery.Trickle charging (defined as voltages The following towing instructions must be adhered to:The brake servo and power assisted steering system will not be functional without the engine running. Greaterpedal pressure will be required to apply the brakes and the steering system will require greater effort to turn the frontroad wheels. Select neutral in main gearbox.General installation InstructionsComponent removalWhenever possible, clean components and the surrounding area before removal.Blank off openings exposed by component removal.Following disconnection, seal fuel, oil or hydraulic lines immediately using suitable blanking plugs or caps.Seal open ends of exposed oilways using suitable tapered hardwood plugs or conspicuous plastic plugs.Immediately a component is removed, place it in a suitable container; use a separate container for eachcomponent and its associated parts.Clean bench and provide marking materials, labels and containers before disassembling components.DisassemblingObserve scrupulous cleanliness when disassembling components, particularly when brake, fuel, air suspension orhydraulic system parts are disassembled. A particle of dirt or cloth fragment could cause a serious malfunction if trappedin these systems.Blow out all tapped holes, crevices, oilways and fluid passages with dry, compressed air.WARNING: Suitable eye protection must be worn.Use suitable marker ink to identify mating parts, do not use a scriber or centre punch as they could initiatecracks or distortion.Wire or tape mating parts together where necessary to prevent accidental interchange. Suitably identify parts which are to be renewed and to those parts requiring further inspection. Keep these partsseparate.To make sure that the correct replacement part has been obtained, do not discard a part due for renewal untilafter comparing it with the new part.Cleaning componentsAlways use cleaning agents which are suitable for the work being undertaken and the components being cleaned. NEVERuse gasoline (petrol) as a cleaning agent (degreaser). Always make sure that the component being cleaned iscompatible with the cleaning agent.Always follow the manufacturers instructions regarding the use of cleaning agents and make sure that the environmentin which the work is being undertaken is suitable. See Health and Safety Precautions for further information regardingcleaning. 26 of 1212 Use plastic scrapers, specified solventswhere available or dry, lint free cloth. DO NOT use metal scrapers or emery cloth as these may damage the sealingsurfaces. Make sure that sealing surfaces are free from oil or grease as sealants will not adhere properly tocontaminated surfaces.Do not allow sealant to enter tapped holes or oilways.Locking DevicesAlways replace locking devices with one of the same design and of the correct size.Tab washersAlways release locking tabs before loosening fixings, do not re-use tab washers.LocknutsAlways use a backing spanner when loosening and tightening locknuts, brake and fuel pipe unions.Roll pinsAlways install new roll pins of the correct size.CirclipsAlways install new circlips ensuring that they are of the correct size for the groove.Woodruff keysWoodruff keys may be re-used provided there is no indication of wear or distortion.Remove any burrs from edges of keyways using a fine file.Split pinsNever attempt to straighten and re-use a split pin, always make sure that replacement pins are of the correct size forthe hole in which they are to be installed.Screw ThreadsDamaged nuts, bolts and screws must always be discarded. Newbolts having the same part number as the original must always be installed. When nuts or bolts are to be27 of 1212 Do not useproprietary thread locking agents as they may not meet the specification required. See also Encapsulated(Patched) Bolts and Screws.Always make sure that replacement nuts and bolts are at least equal in strength to those that they are replacing.Castellated nuts must not be loosened to accept a split pin except in recommended cases when this forms part ofan adjustment.Do not allow oil or grease to enter blind holes, the hydraulic action resulting from tightening the bolt or stud cansplit the housing and also give a false torque reading.Always tighten a nut, bolt or screw to the specified torque figure, damaged or corroded threads can give a falsetorque reading.Nut and bolt loosening and tightening sequences, where given, must ALWAYS be followed. Distortion ofcomponents or faulty sealing of joints will result if the sequences are not followed. Some locking agents28 of 1212 The locking agent is released and activated by the tightening process and is thenchemically cured to provide the locking action.Self-locking bolts and screwsUnless stated in a specific repair procedure, self-locking bolts and screws i.e. nylon patched or trilobular thread can bere-used provided that resistance is felt when the locking portion enters the female thread.Nylon patched bolts and screws have a locking agent either applied to, or inserted in the threaded portion. Donot install non self-locking fasteners where a self-locking fastener is specified.Trilobular bolts should not be used as a substitute for patched bolts.Nut identificationA nut with an ISO metric thread is marked on one face or one of the hexagonal flats with the strength grade symbol 8,12, 14. Some nuts with the strength grade 4, 5 or 6 are also marked and some have the metric symbol M on thehexagonal flat opposite the strength grade marking. A clock face system is sometimes used as an alternative method of indicating the strength grade. The external chamfersor a face of the nut is marked in a position relative to the appropriate hour mark on a clock face to indicate the strengthgrade.A dot is used to locate the 12 oclock position and a dash to indicate the strength grade. If the grade is above 12, twodots identify the 12 oclock position.When tightening a slotted or castellated nut, never loosen it to insert a split pin except where specified as part of anadjustment procedure. If difficulty is experienced in correctly positioning the slot, alternative washers or nuts should beselected.Where a nut is tightened to adjust or maintain bearing pre-load, the tightening procedure must be adhered to.Self-locking nuts29 of 1212 Reject any bearings found to be marked since marking in these areas indicates onset of wear.Hold inner race of bearing between finger and thumb of one hand and rotate outer race to check that it revolvesabsolutely smoothly. Repeat holding outer race and rotating inner race. DO NOT spin the bearing.Rotate outer ring gently using a reciprocating movement whilst holding inner ring; feel for any check orobstruction to rotation. Reject bearing if movement is not absolutely smooth.Check bearing for blueing or signs of overheating.Lubricate bearing with the specified lubricant.Inspect bearing surface of shaft and bearing housing for discolouration or other markings which indicateoverheating of bearing or movement between bearing and seating.Before installing bearing, make sure that shaft and bearing housing are clean and free from burrs.If one bearing of a pair shows signs of wear, overheating etc., it is advisable to replace bearings as a pair unlessit is suspected that one bearing may have been faulty when installed, was installed incorrectly or the fault arosedue to oil seal failure.Never reinstall a bearing unless it is in a fully serviceable condition. When installing a bearing to a shaft, only apply force to the inner ring of the bearing. When installing a bearinginto a housing, only apply force to the outer ring of the bearing.CAUTION: Service tools have been developed for installing the majority of bearings; these must always be usedwhere specified.In the case of grease lubricated bearings, fill the space between the bearing and outer seal with therecommended grade of grease before installing the seal.CAUTION: When a waxed oil seal (installed dry) type of oil seal is to be installed, take great care that grease doesnot contaminate the running surface of the seal.Always make suitable reference marks between the components of separable bearings e.g. taper roller bearingswhen disassembling to make sure correct location of components when assembling. Never install new rollers inan outer ring, always install a new bearing assembly.Brake Pads and LiningsAlways install the correct grade and specification of brake pads and linings. When replacing these items, always replaceas complete axle sets.Brake HydraulicsAlways observe the following recommendations when working on the braking system:WARNING: Do not intermix brake fluid of different specifications.30 of 1212 Whenever ahose is removed, make sure that the inner bore is inspected to check that the viton lining has not become separatedfrom the outer sleeve.WARNING: Never attempt to repair fuel hoses or rectify leaking quick-fit connectors. The fuel hose andconnectors must be replaced as an assembly.Fuel system hose clips31 of 1212 These clips may be removed using a screwdriver and must be replaced with new clips onreassembly. Clips must be tightened until the portion of the slot shears off. Do not attempt to tighten clips by any othermethod, do not install any other type of clip.Quick-fit connections are also installed to certain fuel hoses. After engagement of quick-fit connections, perform atug test to make sure connection is securely installed. Other fuel system hose clips are of the Jubilee type and there may be a tamper proof cover installed over the screwhead. These cover must be carefully removed before slackening the clip and should be replaced after final tightening,ensuring that the internal hexagon on the cover is correctly located on the clip screw.Cooling system hosesCAUTION: The following precautions must be observed to make sure that the integrity of the cooling system hosesand their connection to the system is maintained.Hose orientation and connectionCorrect orientation of cooling system hoses is important to make sure that hoses do not become fatigued or damagedthrough contact with adjacent components.Where orientation marks are provided on the hose and corresponding component, the marks must be aligned when thehose is installed. Hoses must be installed fully on to their connection points, usually a moulded form on a pipe providesa positive indicator.Hose clipsMarkings are usually provided on the hose to indicate the correct clip position. If no markings are provided, position theclip directly behind the retaining lip at the end of the stub pipe. Worm drive clips should be orientated with the crimpedside of the drive housing facing towards the end of the hose or the hose may become pinched between the clip and thestub pipe retaining lip. Unless otherwise stated, worm drive clips should be tightened to 3 Nm (2 lb-ft). Make sure thathose clips do not foul adjacent components.32 of 1212 Clips must not be re-used. Inspect quick-fit connections for damage, prior toconnection. Replace if damaged. After engagement of quick-fit connections, perform a tug test to make sureconnection is securely installed.Heat protectionAlways make sure that heat shields and protective sheathing are in good condition; replace if damage is evident.Particular care must be taken when routing hoses close to hot engine components such as the exhaust manifolds andexhaust gas recirculation (EGR) pipes. Hoses will relax and deflect slightly when hot, make sure this movement is takeninto account when routing and securing hoses.Electrical PrecautionsGeneralThe following guidelines are intended to make sure the safety of the operator whilst preventing damage to the electricaland electronic components of this vehicle.EquipmentPrior to commencing any test procedure on the vehicle, make sure that the relevant test equipment is working correctlyand that any harness or connectors are in good condition. Any such contamination could impair performance or lead to component failure.Never force connectors apart or pull on the wiring harness.Always make sure locking tabs are disengaged before disconnecting multiplugs etc.It also outlinesother areas of risk which must not be ignored. Extraction or draining of fuel must becarried out in a well ventilated area.Never switch on or operate mobile (cellular) phones in the vicinity of vehicles when operations are being carriedout on the fuel system.Always attach fuel vapour warning labels to fuel tanks immediately after draining.Containers used for storing fuel must be clearly marked with the contents and placed in a safe storage area whichmeets the requirements of the local authority.CAUTION: Some fuel lines are now installed with quick release connectors. If a connector is damaged, no attemptmust be made to repair the connector, a new fuel line and connector(s) assembly must be installed.Always release pipe clips fully before attempting to disconnect fuel pipes.Fuel tank repairsCAUTION: No attempt should be made to repair a fuel tank. If the structure of the tank is damaged, a new tankmust be installed.Oil sealsNever use a seal which has been improperly stored or handled.Take great care when removing old seals that the sealing surfaces and seal housing are not damaged.Carefully examine seal before installing to make sure that it is clean and undamaged. Make sure that the surface on which the seal is to run and also the seal housing is clean and free from burrs orscratches. Renew the component if the sealing surface cannot be restored.Special tools and protection sleeves are provided for installing the majority of seals and must be used whenspecified.Many seals are now coated with a protective wax and DO NOT need to be lubricated prior to installing. Alwayscheck the relevant repair procedure which will state if a seal must be installed dry. Never touch these seals withoily hands as the oil will contaminate the protective coating and affect the sealing properties of the seal; also,make sure that installing tools and protection sleeves are free from oil and grease. Seals which must be34 of 1212 For example, the lip of the seal must face towards thelubricant which it is sealing.When installing an oil seal, make sure that it is positioned square to shaft and housing. Where the seal is to beinstalled to a housing prior to installing over a shaft, take care not to allow the weight of an unsupported shaftto rest on the seal.Always use the recommended special tool and protection sleeve to install an oil seal. If no tool is specified, use asuitable mandrel approximately 0.4 mm (0.015 in) smaller than the outside diameter of the seal. Use adhesivetape on the shaft to protect the sealing lip of the seal.Press or drift the seal in to the depth of its housing if the housing is shouldered or flush with the face of thehousing where no shoulder is provided. All operations must be carried out in a well ventilated area away from open flame and heat sources.R134a is a hazardous liquid and when handled incorrectly can cause serious injury. R134a splashed on any partof the body will cause immediate freezing of that area. Also, refrigerant cylinders and replenishment trolleys when35 of 1212 Gently run large quantities of eye wash over affected eye to raisethe temperature. If an eye wash is not available, cool, clean water may be used to flush the eye. After rinsing,cover the eye with a clean pad and seek immediate medical attention.If liquid R134a is splashed onto the skin, run large quantities of water over the affected area to raise thetemperature. Implement the same action if the skin comes in contact with discharging cylinders. Wrap thecontaminated body parts in blankets (or similar materials) and seek immediate medical attention.If the debilitating effects of inhalation of R134a vapour are suspected, seek fresh air. Make sure that hoses are correctly positioned before tightening couplings, and make surethat all clips and supports are utilised.Flexible hoses should not be positioned closer than 100 mm (4.0 in) to the exhaust manifold unless protected byheat shielding.Completed assemblies must be checked for refrigeration lines touching metal panels. Any direct contact ofcomponents and panels may transmit noise and so must be eliminated.The appropriate torque wrench must be used when tightening refrigerant connections to the stipulated value. It must be positively sealed at all times. Do not pourunused refrigerant oil back into the container. Always use an approved refrigerant oil.When replacing components in the system, drain the refrigerant oil from the component being replaced into a graduatedcontainer. When installing a new compressor, slowly release thesealing cap; gas pressure should be heard to vent as the seal is broken.CAUTION: A new compressor should always be sealed and could be pressurised with nitrogen gas. To avoidpossible oil loss, release the sealing cap(s) slowly. The rapid discharge of refrigerant will also result in the loss of most of the oil from the system. The systemis then charged with the required weight of refrigerant and volume of refrigerant oil.36 of 1212 Recycling should always be carried out with equipment which is design certifiedby Underwriter Laboratory Inc. To calculate the quantity of oil tobe drained:Remove the drain plug from the old compressor.Invert the compressor and gravity drain the oil into a calibrated measuring cylinder.Also, many of the procedures associated with vehicle maintenance and repair involvephysical hazards or other risks to health.This subsection lists some of these hazardous operations and the materials and equipment associated with them.Precautions necessary to avoid these hazards are identified.The list is not exhaustive and all operations and procedures and the handling of materials, should be carried out withhealth and safety in mind.Before using any product the Materials Safety Data Sheet supplied by the manufacturer or supplier should be consulted.WARNING: Many liquids and other substances used in motor vehicles are poisonous and should under nocircumstances be consumed and should, as far as possible, be kept from contact with the skin. These liquids andsubstances include acid, anti-freeze, brake fluid, fuel, windscreen washer additives, lubricants, refrigerants and variousadhesives.Acids and AlkalisFor example - alkalis such as caustic soda used in cleaning materials; acids such as sulphuric acid used in batteries.Both alkalis and acids are irritant and corrosive to the skin, eyes, nose and throat. They cause burns and can destroyordinary protective clothing.Avoid splashes to the skin, eyes and clothing. Wear suitable protective impervious apron, gloves and goggles. This material is hermetically sealed in each air bagmodule and is completely consumed during deployment. No attempt should be made to open an air bag inflator as thiswill lead to the risk of exposure to Sodium Azide.Eyes shouldalso be rinsed with an appropriate irrigation solution such as a solution of 9 Sodium Chloride and Purified Water. These items, should be stored inflameproof cabinets in No Smoking areas. Cleanliness and tidiness in use should be observed, for example disposablepaper covering benches. All adhesives and sealants should be dispensed from applicators where possible; containers,including secondary containers, should be labelled appropriately.Anaerobic, Cyanoacrylate (super-glues) and other Acrylic AdhesivesMany are irritant, sensitizing or harmful to the skin and respiratory tract. Some are eye irritants.Skin and eye contact should be avoided and the manufacturers instructions followed.Cyanoacrylate adhesives (super-glues) MUST NOT contact the skin or eyes. If skin or eye tissue is bonded, cover with aclean moist pad and SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION. Do not attempt to pull skin tissue apart. Skin and eye contact should be avoided and adequate ventilation provided during use.Hot Melt AdhesivesIn the solid state, they are safe.Excessive concentrations may produce effects on thenervous system including drowsiness. In extreme cases, loss of consciousness may result. Long term exposure tovapour concentrations may result in adverse health effects.Prolonged contact with the skin may lead to skin irritation and in some cases, dermatitis.Splashes entering the eye will cause discomfort and possible damage.Any spraying should preferably be carried out in ventilated booths which incorporate facilities for removing vapors andspray droplets from the breathing zone.Wear appropriate gloves, eye and respiratory protection.AntifreezeMay be flammable when undiluted.Vapors may be given off from coolant antifreeze when heated. Avoid breathing these vapors.Antifreeze may be absorbed through the skin in toxic or harmful quantities. Antifreeze, if swallowed, can be fatal; SEEKIMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.Battery AcidsSee also Alkalis and Acids.Gases released during battery charging are explosive. Always remove the battery from the vehicle prior to charging.Never use naked flames or allow sparks near charging or recently charged batteries. NEVER add acid to a battery, thechemical reaction produced will be violent and explosive. Skryť